Next Article in Journal
Loop Quantum Cosmology, Modified Gravity and Extra Dimensions
Previous Article in Journal
Charged and Electromagnetic Fields from Relativistic Quantum Geometry
Article Menu
Issue 3 (September) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Universe 2016, 2(3), 14;

Starobinsky-Like Inflation and Running Vacuum in the Context of Supergravity

Academy of Athens, Research Center for Astronomy and Applied Mathematics, Soranou Efessiou 4, 115 27 Athens, Greece
Theoretical Particle Physics and Cosmology Group, Physics Department, King’s College London, Strand, London WC2R 2LS, UK
Theoretical Physics Department, CERN, Geneva CH-1211 Geneva 23, Switzerland
Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica, and Institute of Cosmos Sciences (ICCUB), Univ. de Barcelona, Av. Diagonal 647 E-08028 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Lorenzo Iorio
Received: 11 May 2016 / Revised: 17 July 2016 / Accepted: 18 July 2016 / Published: 26 July 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1045 KB, uploaded 26 July 2016]   |  


We describe the primeval inflationary phase of the early Universe within a quantum field theoretical (QFT) framework that can be viewed as the effective action of vacuum decay in the early times. Interestingly enough, the model accounts for the “graceful exit” of the inflationary phase into the standard radiation regime. The underlying QFT framework considered here is supergravity (SUGRA), more specifically an existing formulation in which the Starobinsky-type inflation (de Sitter background) emerges from the quantum corrections to the effective action after integrating out the gravitino fields in their (dynamically induced) massive phase. We also demonstrate that the structure of the effective action in this model is consistent with the generic idea of re-normalization group (RG) running of the cosmological parameters; specifically, it follows from the corresponding RG equation for the vacuum energy density as a function of the Hubble rate, ρ Λ ( H ) . Overall, our combined approach amounts to a concrete-model realization of inflation triggered by vacuum decay in a fundamental physics context, which, as it turns out, can also be extended for the remaining epochs of the cosmological evolution until the current dark energy era. View Full-Text
Keywords: cosmology; inflation; vacuum cosmology; inflation; vacuum

Graphical abstract

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Basilakos, S.; Mavromatos, N.E.; Solà, J. Starobinsky-Like Inflation and Running Vacuum in the Context of Supergravity. Universe 2016, 2, 14.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Universe EISSN 2218-1997 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top