Analysis of the Cytotoxic Potential of Anisomelic Acid Isolated from Anisomeles malabarica
AbstractAnisomelic acid (AA), one of the major compounds in Anisomeles malabarica, was tested for its cytotoxicity and apoptosis-inducing potential in breast and cervical cancer cells. The MTT assay for cell viability indicated that AA is cytotoxic to all of the four cell lines tested in a dose- and duration-dependent manner. Acridine Orange & Ethidium Bromide (AO & EB) and Hoechst 33258 staining of AA-treated cells revealed typical apoptotic morphology such as condensed chromatin and formation of apoptotic bodies. The comet assay revealed DNA strand break(s), indicating that AA induces DNA damage which culminates in apoptosis. Thus, the study revealed the anti-proliferative and apoptosis-inducing properties of AA in both breast and cervical cancer cells. Therefore, anisomelic acid offers potential for application in breast and cervical cancer therapy.
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PREETHY, C.P.; ALSHATWI, A.A.; GUNASEKARAN, M.; AKBARSHA, M.A. Analysis of the Cytotoxic Potential of Anisomelic Acid Isolated from Anisomeles malabarica. Sci. Pharm. 2013, 81, 559-566.
PREETHY CP, ALSHATWI AA, GUNASEKARAN M, AKBARSHA MA. Analysis of the Cytotoxic Potential of Anisomelic Acid Isolated from Anisomeles malabarica. Scientia Pharmaceutica. 2013; 81(2):559-566.Chicago/Turabian Style
PREETHY, Christo P.; ALSHATWI, Ali A.; GUNASEKARAN, Muthukumaran; AKBARSHA, Mohammad A. 2013. "Analysis of the Cytotoxic Potential of Anisomelic Acid Isolated from Anisomeles malabarica." Sci. Pharm. 81, no. 2: 559-566.