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Sci. Pharm. 2012, 80(4), 987-1000; doi:10.3797/scipharm.1205-16

Ameliorative Effects of Taurine Against Methimazole-Induced Cytotoxicity in Isolated Rat Hepatocytes

1
Drug Applied Research Center, Tabriz university of medical sciences, 51656-65811 Tabriz, Iran
2
Department of pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, 51656-65811 Tabriz, Iran
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 May 2012 / Accepted: 6 August 2012 / Published: 6 August 2012
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Abstract

Methimazole is used as an antithyroid drug to control the symptoms of hyperthyroidism and maintain patients in a euthyroid state. Administration of this drug is associated with agranulocytosis and hepatotoxicity, which are the two most significant adverse effects. The present investigation was conducted to study the protective role of taurine against cytotoxicity induced by methimazole and its proposed reactive intermediary metabolite, N-methylthiourea, in an in vitro model of isolated rat hepatocytes.
At different points in time, markers such as cell viability, reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation, lipid peroxidation, mitochondrial membrane potential, and hepatocyte glutathione content were evaluated.
Treating hepatocytes with methimazole resulted in cytotoxicity characterized by the reduction in cell viability, an increase in ROS formation and lipid peroxidation, mitochondrial membrane potential collapse, and a reduction in cellular glutathione content. Furthermore, a significant amount of oxidized glutathione (GSSG) was formed when rat hepatocytes were treated with methimazole. N-methylthiourea toxicity was accompanied by a reduction in cellular GSH content, but no significant changes in lipid peroxidation, ROS formation, GSSG production, or changes in mitochondrial membrane potential were detected. Administration of taurine (200 μM) effectively reduced the toxic effects of methimazole or its metabolite in isolated rat hepatocytes.
Keywords: Methimazole; N-Methylthiourea; Taurine; Hepatotoxicity Methimazole; N-Methylthiourea; Taurine; Hepatotoxicity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

HEIDARI, R.; BABAEI, H.; EGHBAL, M.A. Ameliorative Effects of Taurine Against Methimazole-Induced Cytotoxicity in Isolated Rat Hepatocytes. Sci. Pharm. 2012, 80, 987-1000.

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