Preparation of Herbal Tea as Infusion or by Maceration at Room Temperature Using Mistletoe Tea as an Example
AbstractHerbal tea can be prepared by infusion or maceration at room temperature resulting in different compositions of extractable constituents, which possibly influences the mode of action or safety profile. Knowledge on this topic is limited. The aim of this study was to investigate the substantial differences between infusion and maceration as recommended preparation methods for the preparation of herbal mistletoe tea, a traditional remedy against cardiovascular diseases. No active substances are known but analytical marker substances such as proteins, triterpenoids, phenylpropane derivatives and flavonoids can be quantified within the herb and the different herbal tea preparations. Whereas phenylpropane derivatives were completely extracted by infusion and maceration, neither method dissolved viscotoxins. 43% of mistletoe lectins were extracted by maceration, whereas by infusion they are inactivated by thermal degradation. By contrast, oleanolic acid and betulinic acid are present in higher concentrations in infusates compared with macerates, but even infusion extracted less than 2%. Infusion extracted 43% of flavonoid-like substances and maceration only 31%. In conclusion this study determines some differences between both extraction methods on the profile of solved substances. The relevance of it should be determined in studies dealing with the efficacy of herbal mistletoe tea.
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JÄGER, S.; BEFFERT, M.; HOPPE, K.; NADBEREZNY, D.; FRANK, B.; SCHEFFLER, A. Preparation of Herbal Tea as Infusion or by Maceration at Room Temperature Using Mistletoe Tea as an Example. Sci. Pharm. 2011, 79, 145-156.
JÄGER S, BEFFERT M, HOPPE K, NADBEREZNY D, FRANK B, SCHEFFLER A. Preparation of Herbal Tea as Infusion or by Maceration at Room Temperature Using Mistletoe Tea as an Example. Scientia Pharmaceutica. 2011; 79(1):145-156.Chicago/Turabian Style
JÄGER, Sebastian; BEFFERT, Markus; HOPPE, Katharina; NADBEREZNY, Dominik; FRANK, Bruno; SCHEFFLER, Armin. 2011. "Preparation of Herbal Tea as Infusion or by Maceration at Room Temperature Using Mistletoe Tea as an Example." Sci. Pharm. 79, no. 1: 145-156.