Next Article in Journal
The Influence of Selected Parameters on the Size and Shape of Alginate Beads Prepared by Ionotropic Gelation
Previous Article in Journal
Traditional Mongolian Medicine – A Potential for Drug Discovery
Article Menu

Article Versions

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sci. Pharm. 2008, 76(1), 65-76; doi:10.3797/scipharm.0802-03 (registering DOI)

Illicium verum Hook. f. and Illicium anisatum L.: Anatomical Characters and their Value for Differentiation

University of Vienna, Department of Pharmacognosy, Althanstrasse 14, A-1090 Vienna, Austria
Austrian Medicines and Medical Devices Agency AGES PharmMed, Schnirchgasse 9, A-1030 Vienna, Austria
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 January 2008 / Accepted: 26 February 2008 / Published: 30 March 2008
Download PDF [1546 KB, uploaded 27 December 2016]


In the last years intoxications after consumption of Illicium verum Hook. f. have been reported due to adulterations with I. anisatum L.. Many efforts have already been made to develop a simple method which would enable the detection of I. anisatum in powdered samples of I. verum. Since many controversial facts concerning the value of anatomic characters for differentiation have been published 13 botanically vouchered samples were re-examined by means of light microscopy, fluorescence microscopy, SEM, and confocal laser scanning microscopy. All anatomical details show a great variability even between the follicles of a certain aggregate. This is also true for the cuticular striation which has been proposed in literature as reliable character. Special attention was paid to the structure of the aleurone grains of the endosperm and the shape of the calcium oxalate crystals in the testa. In contrast to previous assumptions these characters do not allow a certain differentiation either. However, the presence of hexagonal crystals can serve as indicator for samples of I. anisatum. At present a reliable proof of purity of powdered samples of I. verum seems to be possible by chemical analytical methods only.
Keywords: Illicium verum; Illicium anisatum; differentiation; microscopy; anatomical characterization Illicium verum; Illicium anisatum; differentiation; microscopy; anatomical characterization
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

FRITZ, E.; ÖLZANT, S.M.; LÄNGER, R. Illicium verum Hook. f. and Illicium anisatum L.: Anatomical Characters and their Value for Differentiation. Sci. Pharm. 2008, 76, 65-76.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sci. Pharm. EISSN 2218-0532 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top