Next Article in Journal
Systems Thinking Education—Seeing the Forest through the Trees
Previous Article in Journal
A Systematic Framework for Exploring Worldviews and Its Generalization as a Multi-Purpose Inquiry Framework
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessFeature PaperArticle
Systems 2018, 6(3), 28; https://doi.org/10.3390/systems6030028

The Non-Systemic Usages of Systems as Reductionism: Quasi-Systems and Quasi-Systemics

Italian Systems Society, 20161 Milan, Italy
Received: 10 June 2018 / Accepted: 10 July 2018 / Published: 11 July 2018
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [295 KB, uploaded 11 July 2018]

Abstract

Usual reductionism considers systemic, acquired properties as non-systemic, possessed properties. We consider here the non-systemic usages of systems, misunderstood as non-interacting virtual objects or devices, and the misunderstanding between non-complex (first Systemics) and complex systems (second Systemics) as another form of reductionism. This reductionism leads to inappropriate and ineffective approaches, particularly dealing with complex systems such as socioeconomic systems, whose complexity is often misunderstood and neglected. However, this reductionism should be distinguished from mixed usages of systemic approaches suitable to deal with multiple, dynamic, temporary, and partial systemic natures of phenomena related to complex systems. We consider that we should move from the well-defined, often simplistic, world of Systemics to Quasi-Systemics, which is intended as constructionist Systemics, always in progress, non-ideological, multiple, contradiction-tolerant, incomplete, and in its turn emergent. Rather than recommending a pragmatic attitude, we mention two approaches, one methodological approach called Logical Openness and another, the Meta-Structure approach, which is suitable to more formally deal with such multiple aspects and—based on mesoscopic representations—suitable to represent quasiness. View Full-Text
Keywords: complexity; incompleteness; multiple; predominance; quasi; reductionism; usage complexity; incompleteness; multiple; predominance; quasi; reductionism; usage
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Minati, G. The Non-Systemic Usages of Systems as Reductionism: Quasi-Systems and Quasi-Systemics. Systems 2018, 6, 28.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Systems EISSN 2079-8954 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top