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Systems 2017, 5(2), 33; doi:10.3390/systems5020033

Developing a Framework for Traceability Implementation in the Textile Supply Chain

University of Borås, Allégatan 1, 503 32 Borås, Sweden
ENSAIT/GEMTEX, 2 Allée Louise et Victor Champier, 59100 Roubaix, France
Université Lille 1 Sciences et Technologies, Cité Scientifique, 59655 Villeneuve-d’Ascq, France
College of Textile and Clothing Engineering, Soochow University, Suzhou 215006, China
Hanken School of Economics, Arkadiankatu 22, 00100 Helsinki, Finland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 December 2016 / Revised: 14 March 2017 / Accepted: 27 March 2017 / Published: 5 April 2017
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Traceability has recently gained considerable attention in the textile industry. Traceability stands for information sharing about a product including the product history, specification, or location. With the involvement of globally dispersed actors in the textile supply chain, ensuring appropriate product quality with timely supplies is crucial for surviving in this industry with ever increasing competition. Hence it is of paramount importance for a supply chain actor to track every product and trace its history in the supply chain. In this context, this paper presents a framework to implement traceability in the textile supply chain. A system approach has been followed, where firstly the usage requirement of traceability is defined, and then a framework for implementing intra-actor or internal traceability and inter-actor or external traceability is discussed. This article further presents a sequential diagram to demonstrate the interaction and information exchange between the actors in the supply chain, when the traceability information is requested. An example is also illustrated for data storage using a relational database management system and information exchange using XML for the textile weaver. Finally, the article discusses challenges and future studies required to implement traceability in the textile supply chain. View Full-Text
Keywords: supply chain traceability; traceability framework; textile; RDBMS; XML supply chain traceability; traceability framework; textile; RDBMS; XML

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Kumar, V.; Hallqvist, C.; Ekwall, D. Developing a Framework for Traceability Implementation in the Textile Supply Chain. Systems 2017, 5, 33.

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