Next Article in Journal
Systems Research and the Quest for Scientific Systems Principles
Previous Article in Journal
From Systems to Organisations
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Systems 2017, 5(1), 24; doi:10.3390/systems5010024

Research Challenges for the Internet of Things: What Role Can OR Play?

1
Defence Science & Technology Group, Fishermans Bend VIC 3207, Australia
2
72 Glenburnie Rd, Vermont VIC 3133, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ockie Bosch
Received: 16 December 2016 / Revised: 18 February 2017 / Accepted: 8 March 2017 / Published: 14 March 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3241 KB, uploaded 16 March 2017]   |  

Abstract

The Internet of Things (IoT) is an extension of the Internet in which large numbers of “things”, including sensors, actuators and processors, in addition to human users, are networked and able to provide high resolution data on their environment and exercise a degree of control over it. It is still at an early stage of development, and many problems/research challenges must be solved before it is widely adopted. Many of these are technical, including interoperability and scalability, as billions of heterogeneous devices will be connected, but deciding on how to invest in the IoT is a challenge for business, and there are also major social, legal and ethical challenges, including security and privacy of data collection, which must be resolved. As the future IoT will be a multi-national, multi-industry, multi-technology infrastructure, the paper reviews the global standardization efforts that are underway to facilitate its worldwide creation and adoption. The main purpose of the paper is to give a broad survey, based on published literature, of the methods of Operations Research (OR), both the mathematical tools and techniques of “hard” OR, and the various approaches of Systems Thinking, including “soft” OR, which may assist in dealing with these problems. A subset of these is described in greater depth to better convey what might be involved in applying OR and Systems Thinking to the IoT. It is suggested that OR has a role to play in balancing the technical and non-technical research challenges which confront the IoT. View Full-Text
Keywords: Internet of Things; Operations Research; hard OR; soft OR; Data Analytics; Soft Systems Methodology; Systems Thinking; General Systems Theory; Complexity Theory Internet of Things; Operations Research; hard OR; soft OR; Data Analytics; Soft Systems Methodology; Systems Thinking; General Systems Theory; Complexity Theory
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Ryan, P.J.; Watson, R.B. Research Challenges for the Internet of Things: What Role Can OR Play? Systems 2017, 5, 24.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Systems EISSN 2079-8954 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top