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Systems 2016, 4(4), 33; doi:10.3390/systems4040033

Increasing the Value of Research: A Comparison of the Literature on Critical Success Factors for Projects, IT Projects and Enterprise Resource Planning Projects

Centre for Electronic Warfare, Information and Cyber, Cranfield University, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Shrivenham SN6 8LA, UK
Academic Editor: Donald Kerr
Received: 1 July 2016 / Revised: 25 October 2016 / Accepted: 27 October 2016 / Published: 7 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Enterprise Resource Planning Systems)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1060 KB, uploaded 7 November 2016]   |  

Abstract

Since the beginning of modern project management in the 1960s, academic researchers have sought to identify a definitive list of Critical Success Factors (CSFs), the key things that project managers must get right in order to deliver a successful product. With the advent of Information Technology (IT) projects and, more recently, projects to deliver Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems, attention has turned to identifying definitive lists of CSFs for these more specific project types. The purpose of this paper is to take stock of this research effort by examining how thinking about each type of project has evolved over time, before producing a consolidated list of CSFs for each as a basis for comparison. This process reveals a high degree of similarity, leading to the conclusion that the goal of identifying a generic list of CSFs for project management has been achieved. Therefore, rather than continuing to describe lists of CSFs, researchers could increase the value of their contribution by taking a step forward and focusing on why, despite this apparent knowledge of how to ensure their success, ERP projects continue to fail. View Full-Text
Keywords: Critical Success Factors; project management; project success; IT projects; ERP projects Critical Success Factors; project management; project success; IT projects; ERP projects
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Maddison Warren, A. Increasing the Value of Research: A Comparison of the Literature on Critical Success Factors for Projects, IT Projects and Enterprise Resource Planning Projects. Systems 2016, 4, 33.

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