Systems 2013, 1(3), 30-49; doi:10.3390/systems1030030
Review

Circular Thermodynamics of Organisms and Sustainable Systems

Institute of Science in Society, 29 Tytherton Road, London, N19 4PZ, UK
Received: 19 June 2013; in revised form: 18 July 2013 / Accepted: 22 July 2013 / Published: 29 July 2013
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Abstract: A circular thermodynamics of organisms and sustainable systems is presented based on dynamic closures in nested space-time domains that enable the system to approach the ideal of zero entropy production simultaneously at equilibrium and far from equilibrium conditions.
Keywords: circular economy of nature; dynamic closure; space-time structure; zero-entropy model; quantum coherence; minimum entropy production; equilibrium and non-equilibrium

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ho, M.-W. Circular Thermodynamics of Organisms and Sustainable Systems. Systems 2013, 1, 30-49.

AMA Style

Ho M-W. Circular Thermodynamics of Organisms and Sustainable Systems. Systems. 2013; 1(3):30-49.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ho, Mae-Wan. 2013. "Circular Thermodynamics of Organisms and Sustainable Systems." Systems 1, no. 3: 30-49.

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