Systems 2013, 1(1), 3-26; doi:10.3390/systems1010003
Article

CRISIS: A System for Risk Management

1 Centro de investigaciones del Medio Ambiente (CIMA), Fac. Ciencias Exactas, UNLP, Argentina 2 Departamento Modelado y Manejo de Crisis, CITEDEF, Argentina
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 October 2012; in revised form: 12 November 2012 / Accepted: 30 November 2012 / Published: 12 December 2012
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Abstract: In a situation of an unexpected catastrophe, uncertainty and demand for information are constant. In such a disaster scenario, the CRISIS system arises as a tool to contribute to previous coordination, procedure validation, exercise execution, a good and frequent communication among organizations, and weakness and threat assessment for an appropriate risk management. It offers a wide variety of tools for online communication, consultation and collaboration that, up to this day, includes cartography, tasks, resources, news, forums, instant messaging and chat. As a complement, mathematical models for training and emergency management are being researched and developed. For Argentinean society, it is a necessity to switch from the current handcrafted, bureaucratic emergency management method to a decision-making management model. Previous coordination, exercise execution, a fluid communication among institutions, and threats and weaknesses assessment are required for a proper risk management. With that goal in mind, it is important to reduce confusion, avoid the duplication of efforts to fulfill the same tasks, and have access to a complete vision of the situation, generated from the data of all the organizations taking part. The CRISIS system is a secure web application, accessible to every node in a network formed by the organizations which have complementary responsibilities during prevention and response. It offers a wide variety of tools for online communication, consultation and collaboration that, up to this day, includes cartography, tasks, media (organization and resources), news, forums, instant messaging and chat. As a complement, mathematical models for training and emergency management are being researched and developed. Currently, there are toxicological and epidemiological emergency models available. The present paper analyses, from the perspectives related to risk management for emergencies and disasters, the strengths and weaknesses of the CRISIS system to be used for prevention, response and recoveries in the case of a catastrophe.
Keywords: CRISIS system; risk management; emergency; disaster

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MDPI and ACS Style

Sanchez, E.Y.; Acquesta, A.A. CRISIS: A System for Risk Management. Systems 2013, 1, 3-26.

AMA Style

Sanchez EY, Acquesta AA. CRISIS: A System for Risk Management. Systems. 2013; 1(1):3-26.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sanchez, Erica Y.; Acquesta, Alejandro A. 2013. "CRISIS: A System for Risk Management." Systems 1, no. 1: 3-26.

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