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Biology 2012, 1(3), 508-520; doi:10.3390/biology1030508
Article

Improved Cholinergic Transmission is Detrimental to Behavioural Plasticity in Honeybees (Apis mellifera)

1,* , 2
 and 2
Received: 1 September 2012; in revised form: 21 September 2012 / Accepted: 27 September 2012 / Published: 16 October 2012
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Abstract: Unravelling the role of neuromessenger processes in learning and memory has long interested researchers. We investigated the effects of an acetylcholinesterase blocker, Methyl Parathion (MeP), on honeybee learning. We used visual and olfactory tasks to test whether MeP had a detrimental effect on the acquisition of new knowledge when this new knowledge contradicts previously acquired one. Our results indicate that treatment with MeP prior to conditioning was significantly detrimental to the acquisition of incongruous (but not irrelevant or congruous) new knowledge due to improved recall. The neurobiological and ecotoxicological consequences of these results are discussed.
Keywords: pesticide; organo-phosphate; nicotinic; muscarinic; recall; learning reversal; Apis mellifera ligustica pesticide; organo-phosphate; nicotinic; muscarinic; recall; learning reversal; Apis mellifera ligustica
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Guez, D.; Zhu, H.; Zhang, S.-W. Improved Cholinergic Transmission is Detrimental to Behavioural Plasticity in Honeybees (Apis mellifera). Biology 2012, 1, 508-520.

AMA Style

Guez D, Zhu H, Zhang S-W. Improved Cholinergic Transmission is Detrimental to Behavioural Plasticity in Honeybees (Apis mellifera). Biology. 2012; 1(3):508-520.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Guez, David; Zhu, Hong; Zhang, Shao-Wu. 2012. "Improved Cholinergic Transmission is Detrimental to Behavioural Plasticity in Honeybees (Apis mellifera)." Biology 1, no. 3: 508-520.


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