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Biosensors 2017, 7(1), 2; doi:10.3390/bios7010002

Design and Development of Non-Contact Bio-Potential Electrodes for Pervasive Health Monitoring Applications

School of Biological Sciences, University of Reading, Whiteknights Campus, RG6 6UA, UK
Both authors contributed equally to this work.
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Donald Y.C. Lie
Received: 26 July 2016 / Revised: 7 November 2016 / Accepted: 14 November 2016 / Published: 1 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Latest Wearable Biosensors)
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Abstract

For the advent of pervasive bio-potential monitoring, it will be necessary to utilize a combination of cheap, quick to apply, low-noise electrodes and compact electronics with wireless technologies. Once available, all electrical activity resulting from the processes of the human body could be actively and constantly monitored without the need for cumbersome application and maintenance. This could significantly improve the early diagnosis of a range of different conditions in high-risk individuals, opening the possibility for new treatments and interventions as conditions develop. This paper presents the design and implementation of compact, non-contact capacitive bio-potential electrodes utilising a low impedance current-to-voltage configuration and a bootstrapped voltage follower, demonstrating results applicable to research applications for capacitive electrocardiography and capacitive electromyography. The presented electrodes use few components, have a small surface area and are capable of acquiring a range of bio-potential signals. View Full-Text
Keywords: capacitive; electrodes; wireless; non-contact capacitive; electrodes; wireless; non-contact
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Portelli, A.J.; Nasuto, S.J. Design and Development of Non-Contact Bio-Potential Electrodes for Pervasive Health Monitoring Applications. Biosensors 2017, 7, 2.

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