Semi-Quantitative Method for Streptococci Magnetic Detection in Raw Milk
AbstractBovine mastitis is the most costly disease for dairy farmers and the most frequent reason for the use of antibiotics in dairy cattle; thus, control measures to detect and prevent mastitis are crucial for dairy farm sustainability. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a sensitive method to magnetically detect Streptococcus agalactiae (a Group B streptococci) and Streptococcus uberis in raw milk samples. Mastitic milk samples were collected aseptically from 44 cows with subclinical mastitis, from 11 Portuguese dairy farms. Forty-six quarter milk samples were selected based on bacterial identification by conventional microbiology. All samples were submitted to PCR analysis. In parallel, these milk samples were mixed with a solution combining specific antibodies and magnetic nanoparticles, to be analyzed using a lab-on-a-chip magnetoresistive cytometer, with microfluidic sample handling. This paper describes a point of care methodology used for detection of bacteria, including analysis of false positive/negative results. This immunological recognition was able to detect bacterial presence in samples spiked above 100 cfu/mL, independently of antibody and targeted bacteria used in this work. Using PCR as a reference, this method correctly identified 73% of positive samples for streptococci species with an anti-S. agalactiae antibody, and 41% of positive samples for an anti-GB streptococci antibody. View Full-Text
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Duarte, C.; Costa, T.; Carneiro, C.; Soares, R.; Jitariu, A.; Cardoso, S.; Piedade, M.; Bexiga, R.; Freitas, P. Semi-Quantitative Method for Streptococci Magnetic Detection in Raw Milk. Biosensors 2016, 6, 19.
Duarte C, Costa T, Carneiro C, Soares R, Jitariu A, Cardoso S, Piedade M, Bexiga R, Freitas P. Semi-Quantitative Method for Streptococci Magnetic Detection in Raw Milk. Biosensors. 2016; 6(2):19.Chicago/Turabian Style
Duarte, Carla; Costa, Tiago; Carneiro, Carla; Soares, Rita; Jitariu, Andrei; Cardoso, Susana; Piedade, Moisés; Bexiga, Ricardo; Freitas, Paulo. 2016. "Semi-Quantitative Method for Streptococci Magnetic Detection in Raw Milk." Biosensors 6, no. 2: 19.
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