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Biosensors 2014, 4(4), 472-493; doi:10.3390/bios4040472

Biosensors for the Detection of Antibiotics in Poultry Industry—A Review

BioNano Laboratory, School of Engineering, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
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Received: 12 September 2014 / Revised: 27 October 2014 / Accepted: 14 November 2014 / Published: 21 November 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biosensors in Agroecosystems)
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Abstract

Antibiotic resistance is emerging as a potential threat in the next decades. This is a global phenomenon whereby globalization is acting as a catalyst. Presently, the most common techniques used for the detection of antibiotics are biosensors, ELISA and liquid chromatography—mass spectrometry. Each of these techniques has its benefits as well as drawbacks. This review aims to evaluate different biosensing techniques and their working principles in order to accurately, quickly and practically detect antibiotics in chicken muscle and blood serum. The review is divided into three main sections, namely: a biosensors overview, a section on biosensor recognition and a section on biosensor transducing elements. The first segment provides a detailed overview on the different techniques available and their respective advantages and disadvantages. The second section consists of an evaluation of several analyte systems and their mechanisms. The last section of this review studies the working principles of biosensing transducing elements, focusing mainly on surface plasmon resonance (SPR) technology and its applications in industries. View Full-Text
Keywords: analytes; antibiotic resistance; biosensors; maximum residue limits (MRLs); surface plasmon resonance (SPR) analytes; antibiotic resistance; biosensors; maximum residue limits (MRLs); surface plasmon resonance (SPR)
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Mungroo, N.A.; Neethirajan, S. Biosensors for the Detection of Antibiotics in Poultry Industry—A Review. Biosensors 2014, 4, 472-493.

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