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Information 2017, 8(4), 160; doi:10.3390/info8040160

Individual Differences, Self-Efficacy, and Chinese Scientists’ Industry Engagement

School of Management, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, Shaanxi, China
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Received: 18 October 2017 / Revised: 1 December 2017 / Accepted: 1 December 2017 / Published: 8 December 2017
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Abstract

Research indicates that non-commercial and informal university–industry interactions, which are defined as academic engagement, account for a larger part and play a more important role than commercialization in academic knowledge transfer in China. This paper aims to explore the effect of Chinese scientists’ individual differences on academic engagement via social cognitive theory. This study attempts to provide an interpretation of how individual differences affect Chinese academics’ industrial engagement through self-efficacy. Based on data collection from Chinese universities, these analysis results show that gender, academic rank, industry connections, and previous industrial experience are significantly associated with Chinese scientists’ industry engagement. Furthermore, a scientist’s self-efficacy in industry collaborations is also influenced by these four individual factors. The mediating effects of self-efficacy on the relationship between individual differences and academic engagement are confirmed by empirical analysis results. Implications, limitations, and future research directions are discussed at the end of this paper. View Full-Text
Keywords: academic engagement; individual differences; self-efficacy; mediating effect academic engagement; individual differences; self-efficacy; mediating effect
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Zhao, Z.; Cai, J. Individual Differences, Self-Efficacy, and Chinese Scientists’ Industry Engagement. Information 2017, 8, 160.

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