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Information 2017, 8(4), 142; doi:10.3390/info8040142

Arabic Handwritten Digit Recognition Based on Restricted Boltzmann Machine and Convolutional Neural Networks

Department of Computer Science, College of Science, University of Diyala, Diyala 32001, Iraq
Received: 14 August 2017 / Revised: 6 November 2017 / Accepted: 8 November 2017 / Published: 9 November 2017
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Abstract

Handwritten digit recognition is an open problem in computer vision and pattern recognition, and solving this problem has elicited increasing interest. The main challenge of this problem is the design of an efficient method that can recognize the handwritten digits that are submitted by the user via digital devices. Numerous studies have been proposed in the past and in recent years to improve handwritten digit recognition in various languages. Research on handwritten digit recognition in Arabic is limited. At present, deep learning algorithms are extremely popular in computer vision and are used to solve and address important problems, such as image classification, natural language processing, and speech recognition, to provide computers with sensory capabilities that reach the ability of humans. In this study, we propose a new approach for Arabic handwritten digit recognition by use of restricted Boltzmann machine (RBM) and convolutional neural network (CNN) deep learning algorithms. In particular, we propose an Arabic handwritten digit recognition approach that works in two phases. First, we use the RBM, which is a deep learning technique that can extract highly useful features from raw data, and which has been utilized in several classification problems as a feature extraction technique in the feature extraction phase. Then, the extracted features are fed to an efficient CNN architecture with a deep supervised learning architecture for the training and testing process. In the experiment, we used the CMATERDB 3.3.1 Arabic handwritten digit dataset for training and testing the proposed method. Experimental results show that the proposed method significantly improves the accuracy rate, with accuracy reaching 98.59%. Finally, comparison of our results with those of other studies on the CMATERDB 3.3.1 Arabic handwritten digit dataset shows that our approach achieves the highest accuracy rate. View Full-Text
Keywords: handwritten digit recognition; Arabic digit; restricted Boltzmann machine; deep learning; convolutional neural network handwritten digit recognition; Arabic digit; restricted Boltzmann machine; deep learning; convolutional neural network
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Alani, A.A. Arabic Handwritten Digit Recognition Based on Restricted Boltzmann Machine and Convolutional Neural Networks. Information 2017, 8, 142.

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