Information 2012, 3(3), 351-371; doi:10.3390/info3030351
Concept Paper

Terms for Talking about Information and Communication

School of Communications, Grand Valley State University, 210 Lake Superior Hall, Allendale, MI 49401, USA
Received: 4 June 2012; in revised form: 17 August 2012 / Accepted: 20 August 2012 / Published: 27 August 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Information: Its Different Modes and Its Relation to Meaning)
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Abstract: This paper offers terms for talking about information and how it relates to both matter-energy and communication, by: (1) Identifying three different levels of signs: Index, based in contiguity, icon, based in similarity, and symbol, based in convention; (2) examining three kinds of coding: Analogic differences, which deal with positive quantities having contiguous and continuous values, and digital distinctions, which include “either/or functions”, discrete values, and capacities for negation, decontextualization, and abstract concept-transfer, and finally, iconic coding, which incorporates both analogic differences and digital distinctions; and (3) differentiating between “information theoretic” orientations (which deal with data, what is “given as meaningful” according to selections and combinations within “contexts of choice”) and “communication theoretic” ones (which deal with capta, what is “taken as meaningful” according to various “choices of context”). Finally, a brief envoi reflects on how information broadly construed relates to probability and entropy.
Keywords: sign; index; icon; symbol; coding; context; information; communication

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MDPI and ACS Style

Anton, C. Terms for Talking about Information and Communication. Information 2012, 3, 351-371.

AMA Style

Anton C. Terms for Talking about Information and Communication. Information. 2012; 3(3):351-371.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Anton, Corey. 2012. "Terms for Talking about Information and Communication." Information 3, no. 3: 351-371.

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