Information 2011, 2(3), 417-425; doi:10.3390/info2030417

Naturalizing Information

Biological Sciences, Binghamton University, 42 Laurel Bank Avenue Deposit, New York, 13754 NY, USA
Received: 6 May 2011; in revised form: 20 June 2011 / Accepted: 1 July 2011 / Published: 7 July 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from "FIS 2010 Beijing")
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Abstract: Certain definitions of information can be seen to be compatible with each other if their relationships are properly understood as referring to different levels of organization in a subsumptive hierarchy. The resulting hierarchy, with thermodynamics subsuming information theory, and that in turn subsuming semiotics, amounts to a naturalizing of the information concept.
Keywords: Bateson information; levels; Shannon information; subsumptive hierarchy; thermodynamics

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MDPI and ACS Style

Salthe, S.N. Naturalizing Information. Information 2011, 2, 417-425.

AMA Style

Salthe SN. Naturalizing Information. Information. 2011; 2(3):417-425.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Salthe, Stanley N. 2011. "Naturalizing Information." Information 2, no. 3: 417-425.

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