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Carbon Nanotubes in Electronics: Background and Discussion for Waste-Handling Strategies
FJORDFORSK Environmental Health and Technology, 6896 Fresvik, Sogn og Fjordane, Norway
Western Norway Research Institute. Fosshaugane Campus, 6851 Sogndal, Norway
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 February 2013; in revised form: 12 March 2013 / Accepted: 24 April 2013 / Published: 7 May 2013
Abstract: Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are increasingly being used in electronics products. CNTs have unique chemical and nanotoxicological properties, which are potentially dangerous to public health and the environment. This report presents the most recent findings of CNTs’ toxicity and discusses aspects related to incineration, recycling and potential remediation strategies including chemical and biological remediation possibilities. Our analysis shows that recycling CNTs may be challenging given their physiochemical properties and that available strategies such as power-gasification methods, biological degradation and chemical degradation may need to be combined with pre-handling routines for hazardous materials. The discussion provides the background knowledge for legislative measures concerning specialized waste handling and recycling procedures/facilities for electronics products containing CNTs.
Keywords: carbon nanotubes; degradation; incineration; biological; chemical; waste handling; methods
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MDPI and ACS Style
Manzetti, S.; Andersen, O. Carbon Nanotubes in Electronics: Background and Discussion for Waste-Handling Strategies. Challenges 2013, 4, 75-85.
Manzetti S, Andersen O. Carbon Nanotubes in Electronics: Background and Discussion for Waste-Handling Strategies. Challenges. 2013; 4(1):75-85.
Manzetti, Sergio; Andersen, Otto. 2013. "Carbon Nanotubes in Electronics: Background and Discussion for Waste-Handling Strategies." Challenges 4, no. 1: 75-85.