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Challenges 2013, 4(1), 75-85; doi:10.3390/challe4010075
Review

Carbon Nanotubes in Electronics: Background and Discussion for Waste-Handling Strategies

1 and 2,*
Received: 26 February 2013; in revised form: 12 March 2013 / Accepted: 24 April 2013 / Published: 7 May 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electronic Waste — Impact, Policy and Green Design)
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Abstract: Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are increasingly being used in electronics products. CNTs have unique chemical and nanotoxicological properties, which are potentially dangerous to public health and the environment. This report presents the most recent findings of CNTs’ toxicity and discusses aspects related to incineration, recycling and potential remediation strategies including chemical and biological remediation possibilities. Our analysis shows that recycling CNTs may be challenging given their physiochemical properties and that available strategies such as power-gasification methods, biological degradation and chemical degradation may need to be combined with pre-handling routines for hazardous materials. The discussion provides the background knowledge for legislative measures concerning specialized waste handling and recycling procedures/facilities for electronics products containing CNTs.
Keywords: carbon nanotubes; degradation; incineration; biological; chemical; waste handling; methods carbon nanotubes; degradation; incineration; biological; chemical; waste handling; methods
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Manzetti, S.; Andersen, O. Carbon Nanotubes in Electronics: Background and Discussion for Waste-Handling Strategies. Challenges 2013, 4, 75-85.

AMA Style

Manzetti S, Andersen O. Carbon Nanotubes in Electronics: Background and Discussion for Waste-Handling Strategies. Challenges. 2013; 4(1):75-85.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Manzetti, Sergio; Andersen, Otto. 2013. "Carbon Nanotubes in Electronics: Background and Discussion for Waste-Handling Strategies." Challenges 4, no. 1: 75-85.

Challenges EISSN 2078-1547 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert