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Membranes 2013, 3(4), 266-284; doi:10.3390/membranes3040266

Advancement in Electrospun Nanofibrous Membranes Modification and Their Application in Water Treatment

1
NUS Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Institute, National University of Singapore, 2 Engineering Drive 3, 117581, Singapore
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering, National University of Singapore, 2 Engineering Drive 3, 117575, Singapore
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 September 2013 / Accepted: 13 September 2013 / Published: 30 September 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Membranes and Water Treatment)
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Abstract

Water, among the most valuable natural resources available on earth, is under serious threat as a result of undesirable human activities: for example, marine dumping, atmospheric deposition, domestic, industrial and agricultural practices. Optimizing current methodologies and developing new and effective techniques to remove contaminants from water is the current focus of interest, in order to renew the available water resources. Materials like nanoparticles, polymers, and simple organic compounds, inorganic clay materials in the form of thin film, membrane or powder have been employed for water treatment. Among these materials, membrane technology plays a vital role in removal of contaminants due to its easy handling and high efficiency. Though many materials are under investigation, nanofibers driven membrane are more valuable and reliable. Synthetic methodologies applied over the modification of membrane and its applications in water treatment have been reviewed in this article.
Keywords: electrospinning; nanofibers; synthesis; surface modification; interfacial polymerization; heavy metal; antibacterial electrospinning; nanofibers; synthesis; surface modification; interfacial polymerization; heavy metal; antibacterial
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Nasreen, S.A.A.N.; Sundarrajan, S.; Nizar, S.A.S.; Balamurugan, R.; Ramakrishna, S. Advancement in Electrospun Nanofibrous Membranes Modification and Their Application in Water Treatment. Membranes 2013, 3, 266-284.

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