Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
Antioxidant Activity and Phenolic Content of Streblus asper Leaves from Various Drying Methods
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Evaluation of Antioxidant Status of Two Limoniastrum Species Growing Wild in Tunisian Salty Lands
Antioxidants 2013, 2(3), 132-155; doi:10.3390/antiox2030132

The Antioxidants Changes in Ornamental Flowers during Development and Senescence

*  and
Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Università degli Studi di Milano, via Celoria 2, Milano 20133, Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 July 2013 / Revised: 24 July 2013 / Accepted: 26 July 2013 / Published: 6 August 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Antioxidants)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [307 KB, uploaded 6 August 2013]   |   Browse Figure


The concentration of antioxidant compounds is constitutive and variable from species to species and is also variable considering the development of the plant tissue. In this review, we take into consideration the antioxidant changes and the physiological, biochemical and molecular factors that are able to modulate the accumulation of antioxidant compounds in ornamental flowers during the whole development process until the senescence. Many ornamental flowers are natural sources of very important bioactive compounds with benefit to the human health and their possible role as dietary components has been reported. The most part of antioxidants are flower pigments such as carotenoids and polyphenols, often present in higher concentration compared with the most common fruits and vegetables. The antioxidants content changes during development and during senescence many biochemical systems and molecular mechanisms are activated to counteract the increase of reactive oxygen species and free radicals. There is a tight correlation between antioxidants and senescence processes and this aspect is detailed and appropriately discussed.
Keywords: antioxidant; edible; flower; ornamentals; senescence antioxidant; edible; flower; ornamentals; senescence
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
EndNote |
MDPI and ACS Style

Cavaiuolo, M.; Cocetta, G.; Ferrante, A. The Antioxidants Changes in Ornamental Flowers during Development and Senescence. Antioxidants 2013, 2, 132-155.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics


[Return to top]
Antioxidants EISSN 2076-3921 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert