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Environments 2018, 5(1), 9; doi:10.3390/environments5010009

Particulate Matter from the Road Surface Abrasion as a Problem of Non-Exhaust Emission Control

1
The State School of Higher Education, 54 Pocztowa St., 22-100 Chełm, Poland
2
The Main School of Fire Service, Faculty of Fire Safety Engineering, 52/54 Słowackiego St., 01-629 Warsaw, Poland
3
Institute of Environmental Engineering, Polish Academy of Sciences, 34 M. Skłodowskiej-Curie St., 41-819 Zabrze, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 October 2017 / Revised: 2 January 2018 / Accepted: 5 January 2018 / Published: 7 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Environmental Engineering)
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Abstract

Along with house heating and industry, emissions from road traffic (exhaust and tire, brake, car body or road surface abrasions) are one of the primary sources of particulate matter (PM) in the atmosphere in urban areas. Though numerous regulations and vehicle-control mechanisms have led to a significant decline of PM emissions from vehicle exhaust gases, other sources of PM remain related to road and car abrasion are responsible for non-exhaust emissions. Quantifying these emissions is a hard problem in both laboratory and field conditions. First, we must recognize the physicochemical properties of the PM that is emitted by various non-exhaust sources. In this paper, we underline the problem of information accessibility with regards to the properties and qualities of PM from non-exhaust sources. We also indicate why scarce information is available in order to find the possible solution to this ongoing issue. View Full-Text
Keywords: ambient particulate matter; street dust; exhaust vs. non-exhaust emission; heavy metals; health hazard ambient particulate matter; street dust; exhaust vs. non-exhaust emission; heavy metals; health hazard
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Penkała, M.; Ogrodnik, P.; Rogula-Kozłowska, W. Particulate Matter from the Road Surface Abrasion as a Problem of Non-Exhaust Emission Control. Environments 2018, 5, 9.

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