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Environments 2018, 5(1), 7; doi:10.3390/environments5010007

Plant Phenology Observation by Students Using Time-Lapse Images: Creation of the Environment and Examination of Its Adequacy

Center for Spatial Information Science, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa-shi, Chiba 277-8568, Japan
Faculty of Education, Shinshu University, 6-Ro, Nishinagano, Nagano-shi, Nagano 390-8621, Japan
Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 1-1-1, Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8657, Japan
Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa-shi, Chiba 277-8563, Japan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 November 2017 / Revised: 26 December 2017 / Accepted: 30 December 2017 / Published: 2 January 2018
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For environmental education about climate change issues, selecting events that are already encountered by people as teaching materials is considered effective. Consideration of changes in leafing dates over time provides a useful tool, in particular when children themselves observe plant phenology, which can be achieved using time-lapse imagery. We postulated that creating an environment where this process can be conducted at school would give children a readiness of behavior toward resolution of climate change issues. Verification of how adequately children can undertake the observations is key to establishing the methodology’s effectiveness. In this research, we used time-lapse images from Shiga Heights, Nagano prefecture, Japan, that were taken once per day from 1987 to 2004; in each year from this series, we used the images taken from 27 May to 15 June, inclusive, as these were the dates during which leafing was expected. We created observation sheets and made these and the time-lapse images available for students on the Internet. As a result of our analysis of observations made by 543 students using the observation sheets, we determined that the method had sufficient adequacy for education. View Full-Text
Keywords: phenology; climate change; environmental education; Cyberforest phenology; climate change; environmental education; Cyberforest

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Nakamura, K.W.; Watanabe, R.; Fujiwara, A.; Saito, K.; Kobayashi, H.H.; Sezaki, K. Plant Phenology Observation by Students Using Time-Lapse Images: Creation of the Environment and Examination of Its Adequacy. Environments 2018, 5, 7.

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