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Environments 2016, 3(4), 25; doi:10.3390/environments3040025

Vegetation Structure and Carbon Stocks of Two Protected Areas within the South-Sudanian Savannas of Burkina Faso

1
Institute of International Forestry and Forest Products, Technische Universität Dresden, Pienner Strasse 7, Tharandt 01737, Germany
2
Department of Botany, Institute of Biological Sciences, University of Rostock, Wismarsche Str. 8, Rostock 18051, Germany
3
Department of Physical Geography and Geo-Ecology, Institute for Geography, University of Leipzig, Johannisallee 19a, Leipzig 04103, Germany
4
Department of Animal Ecology and Tropical Biology, University of Wuerzburg, Josef-Martin-Weg 52, Wuerzburg 97074, Germany
5
Laboratoire de Biologie et Ecologie Végétales, Université de Ouagadougou, UFR/SVT, Ouagadougou 03 BP 7021, Burkina Faso
6
Centre for International Postgraduate Studies of Environmental Management—CIPSEM, Technische Universität Dresden, Zellescher Weg 41c, Dresden 01207, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yu-Pin Lin
Received: 14 August 2016 / Revised: 19 September 2016 / Accepted: 21 September 2016 / Published: 29 September 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1901 KB, uploaded 29 September 2016]   |  

Abstract

Savannas and adjacent vegetation types like gallery forests are highly valuable ecosystems contributing to several ecosystem services including carbon budgeting. Financial mechanisms such as REDD+ (Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) can provide an opportunity for developing countries to alleviate poverty through conservation of its forestry resources. However, for availing such opportunities carbon stock assessments are essential. Therefore, a research study for this purpose was conducted at two protected areas (Nazinga Game Ranch and Bontioli Nature Reserve) in Burkina Faso. Similarly, analysis of various vegetation parameters was also conducted to understand the overall vegetation structure of these two protected areas. For estimating above ground biomass, existing allometric equations for dry tropical woody vegetation types were used. Compositional structure was described by applying tree species and family importance indices. The results show that both sites collectively contain a mean carbon stock of 3.41 ± 4.98 Mg·C·ha−1. Among different savanna vegetation types, gallery forests recorded the highest mean carbon stock of 9.38 ± 6.90 Mg·C·ha−1. This study was an attempt at addressing the knowledge gap particularly on carbon stocks of protected savannas—it can serve as a baseline for carbon stocks for future initiatives such as REDD+ within these areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: aboveground biomass; degradation; gallery forest; West Africa; woody vegetation aboveground biomass; degradation; gallery forest; West Africa; woody vegetation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Qasim, M.; Porembski, S.; Sattler, D.; Stein, K.; Thiombiano, A.; Lindner, A. Vegetation Structure and Carbon Stocks of Two Protected Areas within the South-Sudanian Savannas of Burkina Faso. Environments 2016, 3, 25.

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