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Environments 2016, 3(3), 18; doi:10.3390/environments3030018

Spatial Inequalities and Wind Farm Development in the Dodecanese Islands—Legislative Framework and Planning: A Review

1
Interdisciplinary Programme of Postgraduate Studies Environment and Development, National Technical University of Athens, Heroon Polytechniou 9, Zografou, Athens 15780, Greece
2
Soft Energy Applications & Environmental Protection Lab, Piraeus University of Applied Sciences, P.O. Box, 41046, Athens 12201, Greece
3
Georgios Xydis, xydis.gr/gx, Perissos, N. Ionia, Athens 14232, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yu-Pin Lin
Received: 6 April 2016 / Revised: 19 June 2016 / Accepted: 8 July 2016 / Published: 16 July 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2979 KB, uploaded 16 July 2016]   |  

Abstract

Islands present sustainable energy growth challenges due to a number of reasons such as remoteness, limited energy resources, vulnerability to external events and strong dependence on international trade agreements. In particular, the Dodecanese Islands of the Aegean Sea cover their electricity needs mostly on the basis of autonomous conventional stations, consuming significant quantities of imported oil annually. Renewable energy sources (RES) penetration increase addresses the global requirements towards a carbon neutral environment, and wind farms (WFs) are among the most well-known green electricity-production alternatives. The study explores wind power installation potential of the Dodecanese Islands and the storage or interconnection options, based on the national and European legislative framework and the international scientific literature. The major finding is that, due to the high wind potential of the area, the National policy and targets focus on the installation of great RES power at Greek islands. Hence, private interests, who are willing to carry out the electrical interconnection of islands to the mainland, serve the same objective. Both scientific and business proposals overcome the local wind power installation capacity and neglect local specifics and needs. View Full-Text
Keywords: renewable energy; wind power; Dodecanese Islands renewable energy; wind power; Dodecanese Islands
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Panagiotidou, M.; Xydis, G.; Koroneos, C. Spatial Inequalities and Wind Farm Development in the Dodecanese Islands—Legislative Framework and Planning: A Review. Environments 2016, 3, 18.

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