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Environments 2015, 2(4), 489-499; doi:10.3390/environments2040489

Greenhouse Gas Assessment and Compensation on Brazilian Low Volume Rural Roads Using CarbonROAD—The Santa Rosa de Lima Case

1
Neogennium Technologies, Rua Adhemar da Silva, 826, Florianópolis, SC 88101-090, Brazil
2
Department of Traffic and Roads, Lund University, Box 118, Lund 221 00, Sweden
3
Environmental Consultant, Rua Saldanha da Gama, 225, Canoas, RS 92310-630, Brazil
4
Santa Catarina State Department of Transportation, Rua Tenente Silveira, 162, Florianópolis 88010-300, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yu-Pin Lin
Received: 6 May 2015 / Revised: 1 September 2015 / Accepted: 13 October 2015 / Published: 23 October 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [840 KB, uploaded 23 October 2015]   |  

Abstract

The “Santa Catarina Rural” is a Program co-funded by The World Bank for improvements on 1300 km of low volume rural roads on Southern Brazil. The pioneer project under the program was on the municipality of Santa Rosa de Lima, where the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions resulting from the road improvement activities as well as the regular traffic were assessed on an experimental basis using the CarbonROAD software application. Here, we show details of the CarbonROAD software application and the construction emissions assessment procedure as well as the mitigating effect of the plants used for compensation. It was found that most of the emissions come from the road improvement work. This includes earthworks, fuel for motor graders, bulldozers and other machines, and materials and gravel extraction, industrialization and transportation, etc. Only a smaller portion comprises regular road traffic. The accumulated emission balance shows that the carbon absorption is larger than construction emissions after just 15 months. The potential for price appraisal of the generated carbon credits is explored. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon emission, rural roads, compensation carbon emission, rural roads, compensation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Salini, R.; Lenngren, C.A.; Bassi, L.; Baesso, D.P. Greenhouse Gas Assessment and Compensation on Brazilian Low Volume Rural Roads Using CarbonROAD—The Santa Rosa de Lima Case. Environments 2015, 2, 489-499.

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