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Environments 2015, 2(3), 415-434; doi:10.3390/environments2030415

Using Landscape Metrics Analysis and Analytic Hierarchy Process to Assess Water Harvesting Potential Sites in Jordan

1
Department of Bioenvironmental Systems Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10610, Taiwan
2
Department of Bioenvironmental Systems Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10610, Taiwan
3
Department of Bioenvironmental Systems Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10610, Taiwan
4
National Center for Agricultural Research and Extension, Albaqaa 19381, Jordan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Neville D. Crossman
Received: 29 May 2015 / Revised: 27 August 2015 / Accepted: 1 September 2015 / Published: 14 September 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1059 KB, uploaded 14 September 2015]   |  

Abstract

Jordan is characterized as a “water scarce” country. Therefore, conserving ecosystem services such as water regulation and soil retention is challenging. In Jordan, rainwater harvesting has been adapted to meet those challenges. However, the spatial composition and configuration features of a target landscape are rarely considered when selecting a rainwater-harvesting site. This study aimed to introduce landscape spatial features into the schemes for selecting a proper water-harvesting site. Landscape metrics analysis was used to quantify 10 metrics for three potential landscapes (i.e., Watershed 104 (WS 104), Watershed 59 (WS 59), and Watershed 108 (WS 108)) located in the Jordanian Badia region. Results of the metrics analysis showed that the three non–vegetative land cover types in the three landscapes were highly suitable for serving as rainwater harvesting sites. Furthermore, Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) was used to prioritize the fitness of the three target sites by comparing their landscape metrics. Results of AHP indicate that the non-vegetative land cover in the WS 104 landscape was the most suitable site for rainwater harvesting intervention, based on its dominance, connectivity, shape, and low degree of fragmentation. Our study advances the water harvesting network design by considering its landscape spatial pattern. View Full-Text
Keywords: landscape metrics; rainwater harvesting; analytic hierarchy process landscape metrics; rainwater harvesting; analytic hierarchy process
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Albalawneh, A.; Chang, T.-K.; Huang, C.-W.; Mazahreh, S. Using Landscape Metrics Analysis and Analytic Hierarchy Process to Assess Water Harvesting Potential Sites in Jordan. Environments 2015, 2, 415-434.

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