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Geosciences 2018, 8(9), 331; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8090331

Right-Angle Pattern of Minor Fluvial Networks from the Ionian Terraced Belt, Southern Italy: Passive Structural Control or Foreland Bending?

1
Istituto per i Beni Archeologici e Monumentali (IBAM), Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, c.da S. Loja, I–85050 Potenza, Italy
2
Dipartimento delle Culture Europee e Mediterranee, Università della Basilicata, Via S. Rocco 3, I–75100 Matera, Italy
3
Dipartimento di Scienze, Università della Basilicata, Viale dell’Ateneo Lucano 10, I–85100 Potenza, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 July 2018 / Revised: 24 August 2018 / Accepted: 29 August 2018 / Published: 3 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Quantitative Geomorphology)
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Abstract

Morphometric analyses of both the topography and drainage network have been carried out in a large sector of the Ionian coastal belt of southern Italy in order to unravel the possible control of Late Quaternary thrust front activity on the evolution of the fluvial net. The study area extends in the southernmost sector of the Bradano Foredeep and is featured by several orders of uplifted marine terraces, ranging in age from Middle Pleistocene to Late Quaternary. The flight of the marine terraces is deeply cut by a trellis-type and regularly spaced minor fluvial network. Morphotectonic investigations based on field survey, photo-aerial interpretation, topographic attributes, morphometric indices, and analysis of longitudinal river profiles suggest a strong control on the drainage network arrangement by a pervasive orthogonal fracture system, produced and preserved into the brittle caprock of the terraces, made by conglomerate. Since a similar pervasive and orthogonal fracture pattern is typically generated by gentle folding of rocks, the development of the Ionian hydrographic networks could be attributed to a general—maybe still active—bending of the foredeep area due to the eastward propagation of blind thrusting of the Apennines orogenic chain. View Full-Text
Keywords: morphotectonics; geomorphometry; trellis-type fluvial pattern; structurally controlled streams; tonian coast (southern Italy) morphotectonics; geomorphometry; trellis-type fluvial pattern; structurally controlled streams; tonian coast (southern Italy)
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Gioia, D.; Schiattarella, M.; Giano, S.I. Right-Angle Pattern of Minor Fluvial Networks from the Ionian Terraced Belt, Southern Italy: Passive Structural Control or Foreland Bending? Geosciences 2018, 8, 331.

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