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Geosciences 2018, 8(2), 71; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8020071

A Database for Climatic Conditions around Europe for Promoting GSHP Solutions

1
Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Padova, Via Gradenigo, 35131 Padova, Italy
2
National Research Council—Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate (CNR-ISAC), Corso Stati Uniti, 35127 Padova, Italy
3
Department of Geosciences, University of Padova, Via Giovanni Gradenigo, 35131 Padova, Italy
4
National Research Council—Institute of Geosciences and Earth Resources (CNR-IGG), Via Giovanni Gradenigo, 35131 Padova, Italy
5
Centre for Renewable Energy Sources and Saving, 19009 Pikérmi, Greece
6
Research and Enviromental Devices srl (RED srl), Via G. Galilei, 35037 Teolo, Italy
7
SLR Environmental Consulting Ireland Ltd. 7, Dundrum Business Park, Windy Arbour, Dublin D14 N2Y7, Ireland
8
Institute of Earth Sciences, University of Applied Sciences and Arts of Southern Switzerland (SUPSI), Campus Trevano, CH-6952 Canobbio, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 October 2017 / Revised: 25 January 2018 / Accepted: 10 February 2018 / Published: 14 February 2018
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Abstract

Weather plays an important role for energy uses in buildings. For this reason, it is required to define the proper boundary conditions in terms of the different parameters affecting energy and comfort in buildings. They are also the basis for determining the ground temperature in different locations, as well as for determining the potential for using geothermal energy. This paper presents a database for climates in Europe that has been used in a freeware tool developed as part of the H2020 research project named “Cheap-GSHPs”. The standard Köppen-Geiger climate classification has been matched with the weather data provided by the ENERGYPLUS and METEONORM software database. The Test Reference Years of more than 300 locations have been considered. These locations have been labelled according to the degree-days for heating and cooling, as well as by the Köppen-Geiger scale. A comprehensive data set of weather conditions in Europe has been created and used as input for a GSHP sizing software, helping the user in selecting the weather conditions closest to the location of interest. The proposed method is based on lapse rates and has been tested at two locations in Switzerland and Ireland. It has been demonstrated as quite valid for the project purposes, considering the spatial distribution and density of available data and the lower computing load, in particular for locations where altitude is the main factor controlling on the temperature variations. View Full-Text
Keywords: Europe; climate; Cheap-GSHP; database; geoexchange Europe; climate; Cheap-GSHP; database; geoexchange
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De Carli, M.; Bernardi, A.; Cultrera, M.; Dalla Santa, G.; Di Bella, A.; Emmi, G.; Galgaro, A.; Graci, S.; Mendrinos, D.; Mezzasalma, G.; Pasquali, R.; Pera, S.; Perego, R.; Zarrella, A. A Database for Climatic Conditions around Europe for Promoting GSHP Solutions. Geosciences 2018, 8, 71.

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