Active Magnetic Bearing Online Levitation Recovery through μ-Synthesis Robust Control
AbstractA rotor supported on active magnetic bearings (AMBs) is levitated inside an air gap by electromagnets controlled in feedback. In the event of momentary loss of levitation due to an acute exogenous disturbance or external fault, reestablishing levitation may be prevented by unbalanced forces, contact forces, and the rotor’s dynamics. A novel robust control strategy is proposed for ensuring levitation recovery. The proposed strategy utilizes model-based μ-synthesis to find the requisite AMB control law with unique provisions to account for the contact forces and to prevent control effort saturation at the large deflections that occur during levitation failure. The proposed strategy is demonstrated experimentally with an AMB test rig. First, rotor drop tests are performed to tune a simple touchdown-bearing model. That model is then used to identify a performance weight, which bounds the contact forces during controller synthesis. Then, levitation recovery trials are conducted at 1000 and 2000 RPM, in which current to the AMB coils is momentarily stopped, representing an external fault. The motor is allowed to drive the rotor on the touchdown bearings until coil current is restored. For both cases, the proposed control strategy shows a marked improvement in relevitation transients. View Full-Text
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Pesch, A.H.; Sawicki, J.T. Active Magnetic Bearing Online Levitation Recovery through μ-Synthesis Robust Control. Actuators 2017, 6, 2.
Pesch AH, Sawicki JT. Active Magnetic Bearing Online Levitation Recovery through μ-Synthesis Robust Control. Actuators. 2017; 6(1):2.Chicago/Turabian Style
Pesch, Alexander H.; Sawicki, Jerzy T. 2017. "Active Magnetic Bearing Online Levitation Recovery through μ-Synthesis Robust Control." Actuators 6, no. 1: 2.
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