Self-Sensing Ionic Polymer Actuators: A Review
AbstractIonic electromechanically active polymers (IEAP) are laminar composites that can be considered attractive candidates for soft actuators. Their outstanding properties such as low operating voltage, easy miniaturization, and noiseless operation are, however, marred by issues related to the repeatability in the production and operation of these materials. Implementing closed-loop control for IEAP actuators is a viable option for overcoming these issues. Since IEAP laminates also behave as mechanoelectrical sensors, it is advantageous to combine the actuating and sensing functionalities of a single device to create a so-called self-sensing actuator. This review article systematizes the state of the art in producing self-sensing ionic polymer actuators. The IEAPs discussed in this paper are conducting (or conjugated) polymers actuators (CPA), ionic polymer-metal composite (IPMC), and carbonaceous polymer laminates. View Full-Text
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Kruusamäe, K.; Punning, A.; Aabloo, A.; Asaka, K. Self-Sensing Ionic Polymer Actuators: A Review. Actuators 2015, 4, 17-38.
Kruusamäe K, Punning A, Aabloo A, Asaka K. Self-Sensing Ionic Polymer Actuators: A Review. Actuators. 2015; 4(1):17-38.Chicago/Turabian Style
Kruusamäe, Karl; Punning, Andres; Aabloo, Alvo; Asaka, Kinji. 2015. "Self-Sensing Ionic Polymer Actuators: A Review." Actuators 4, no. 1: 17-38.