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Actuators 2015, 4(1), 17-38; doi:10.3390/act4010017

Self-Sensing Ionic Polymer Actuators: A Review

1
National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 1-8-31 Midorigaoka, Ikeda, Osaka 563-8577, Japan
2
IMS Lab, Institute of Technology, University of Tartu, Nooruse 1, Tartu 50411, Estonia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Delbert Tesar
Received: 26 December 2014 / Revised: 19 January 2015 / Accepted: 17 February 2015 / Published: 2 March 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [987 KB, uploaded 2 March 2015]   |  

Abstract

Ionic electromechanically active polymers (IEAP) are laminar composites that can be considered attractive candidates for soft actuators. Their outstanding properties such as low operating voltage, easy miniaturization, and noiseless operation are, however, marred by issues related to the repeatability in the production and operation of these materials. Implementing closed-loop control for IEAP actuators is a viable option for overcoming these issues. Since IEAP laminates also behave as mechanoelectrical sensors, it is advantageous to combine the actuating and sensing functionalities of a single device to create a so-called self-sensing actuator. This review article systematizes the state of the art in producing self-sensing ionic polymer actuators. The IEAPs discussed in this paper are conducting (or conjugated) polymers actuators (CPA), ionic polymer-metal composite (IPMC), and carbonaceous polymer laminates. View Full-Text
Keywords: artificial muscle; electroactive polymer; ion-conducting; soft; bending; micro actuator; conducting polymer; IPMC; nanocarbon; bucky-gel; carbide-derived carbon; smart material artificial muscle; electroactive polymer; ion-conducting; soft; bending; micro actuator; conducting polymer; IPMC; nanocarbon; bucky-gel; carbide-derived carbon; smart material
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kruusamäe, K.; Punning, A.; Aabloo, A.; Asaka, K. Self-Sensing Ionic Polymer Actuators: A Review. Actuators 2015, 4, 17-38.

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