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Pathogens 2016, 5(1), 32; doi:10.3390/pathogens5010032

Evasion of Neutrophil Killing by Staphylococcus aureus

Laboratory of Bacteriology, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, 903 South 4th Street, Hamilton, MT 59840, USA
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Academic Editor: Rachel McLoughlin
Received: 23 February 2016 / Revised: 11 March 2016 / Accepted: 14 March 2016 / Published: 17 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Staphylococcus Aureus Infection)
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Abstract

Staphylococcus aureus causes many types of infections, ranging from self-resolving skin infections to severe or fatal pneumonia. Human innate immune cells, called polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs or neutrophils), are essential for defense against S. aureus infections. Neutrophils are the most prominent cell type of the innate immune system and are capable of producing non-specific antimicrobial molecules that are effective at eliminating bacteria. Although significant progress has been made over the past few decades, our knowledge of S. aureus-host innate immune system interactions is incomplete. Most notably, S. aureus has the capacity to produce numerous molecules that are directed to protect the bacterium from neutrophils. Here we review in brief the role played by neutrophils in defense against S. aureus infection, and correspondingly, highlight selected S. aureus molecules that target key neutrophil functions. View Full-Text
Keywords: innate immunity; neutrophil; phagocytosis; PMN; Staphylococcus aureus innate immunity; neutrophil; phagocytosis; PMN; Staphylococcus aureus
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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McGuinness, W.A.; Kobayashi, S.D.; DeLeo, F.R. Evasion of Neutrophil Killing by Staphylococcus aureus. Pathogens 2016, 5, 32.

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