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Humanities 2017, 6(2), 18; doi:10.3390/h6020018

Animal Poetry and Empathy

Faculty of Humanities, Vrije Universiteit, De Boelelaan 1105, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Academic Editor: Joela Jacobs
Received: 24 January 2017 / Revised: 29 March 2017 / Accepted: 5 April 2017 / Published: 10 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Animal Narratology)
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Abstract

This article discusses how our ideas of empathy are influenced by the dichotomy of mind versus body, also known as Cartesian dualism. Within the aesthetic field, this dichotomy is seen when researchers define narrative empathy as imaginatively reconstructing the fictional character’s thoughts and feelings. Conversely, the empathy aroused by a non-narrative work of art is seen as an unconscious bodily mirroring of movements, postures or moods. Thinking dualistically does not only have consequences for what we consider human nature; it also affects our view on animals. To show the untenability of dualistic thinking, this article focuses on the animal poetry genre. Using the ideas of the French phenomenologist Maurice Merleau-Ponty, I analyze two animal poems: “Inventing a Horse” by Meghan O’Rourke and “Spermaceti” by Les Murray. The analysis of these two poems suggests that the presiding ideas about aesthetic empathy and empathy in general need re-evaluation. View Full-Text
Keywords: empathy; Cartesian dualism; Maurice Merleau-Ponty; animal poetry; ‘Inventing a Horse; ‘Spermaceti’ empathy; Cartesian dualism; Maurice Merleau-Ponty; animal poetry; ‘Inventing a Horse; ‘Spermaceti’
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Brüggemann, T. Animal Poetry and Empathy. Humanities 2017, 6, 18.

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