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Humanities 2016, 5(3), 58; doi:10.3390/h5030058

The White Mountain Recreational Enterprise: Bio-Political Foundations for White Mountain Apache Natural Resource Control, 1945–1960

Science, Technology and Society Program, University of Maryland, 1125 Cumberland Hall, College Park, MD 20742, USA
Academic Editors: Karen L Thornber and Tom Havens
Received: 30 November 2015 / Revised: 22 January 2016 / Accepted: 25 January 2016 / Published: 15 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Global Indigeneities and the Environment)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [214 KB, uploaded 15 July 2016]

Abstract

Among American Indian nations, the White Mountain Apache Tribe has been at the forefront of a struggle to control natural resource management within reservation boundaries. In 1952, they developed the first comprehensive tribal natural resource management program, the White Mountain Recreational Enterprise (WMRE), which became a cornerstone for fighting legal battles over the tribe’s right to manage cultural and natural resources on the reservation for the benefit of the tribal community rather than outside interests. This article examines how White Mountain Apaches used the WMRE, while embracing both Euro-American and Apache traditions, as an institutional foundation for resistance and exchange with Euro-American society so as to reassert control over tribal eco-cultural resources in east-central Arizona. View Full-Text
Keywords: American Indian; White Mountain Apache; natural resource management; eco-tourism; glocalization American Indian; White Mountain Apache; natural resource management; eco-tourism; glocalization
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Tomblin, D.C. The White Mountain Recreational Enterprise: Bio-Political Foundations for White Mountain Apache Natural Resource Control, 1945–1960. Humanities 2016, 5, 58.

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