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Humanities 2016, 5(2), 19; doi:10.3390/h5020019

“Spectacular Death”—Proposing a New Fifth Phase to Philippe Ariès’s Admirable History of Death

Department of Sociology and Social Work, Aalborg University, Kroghstræde 5, DK-9220 Aalborg SØ, Denmark
Academic Editors: David San Filippo and Anders Karl Gustaf Gustavsson
Received: 15 February 2016 / Revised: 24 March 2016 / Accepted: 24 March 2016 / Published: 29 March 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [251 KB, uploaded 29 March 2016]

Abstract

This article revisits, reviews and revises the much cited and magisterial description of successive historical death mentalities from the Middle Ages to modern society as proposed several decades ago by French historian Philippe Ariès. The article first outlines Ariès’s position starting out with the medieval “tamed death,” then moves on to point to several inherent limitations in his history-writing, before suggesting a revision and update of it. Whereas Ariès ended his history-writing with modern “forbidden death,” the author suggests that contemporary death mentality in Western society rather be labelled “spectacular death” in which death, dying and mourning have increasingly become spectacles. Moreover, the author proposes that what is currently happening in contemporary Western society can be interpreted as an expression of a “partial re-reversal” of “forbidden death” to some of the characteristic features of previous historical death mentalities, which—coupled with contemporary scientific and technological possibilities—creates several paradoxical tendencies making death linger uneasily between liberation and denial as well as between autonomy and control. View Full-Text
Keywords: Philippe Ariès; death mentality; tamed death; forbidden death; spectacular death; partial re-reversal Philippe Ariès; death mentality; tamed death; forbidden death; spectacular death; partial re-reversal
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Jacobsen, M.H. “Spectacular Death”—Proposing a New Fifth Phase to Philippe Ariès’s Admirable History of Death. Humanities 2016, 5, 19.

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