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Soc. Sci. 2018, 7(6), 83; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci7060083

Attitudes and Motivation to Use Public or Individual Transport: A Case Study of Two Middle-Sized Cities

1
Department of Geoinformatics, Palacký University in Olomouc, 17. listopadu 12, 779 00 Olomouc, Czech Republic
2
Institute of Geoinformatics, VSB-Technical University of Ostrava, 17. listopadu 15, 708 33 Ostrava-Poruba, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 April 2018 / Revised: 18 May 2018 / Accepted: 22 May 2018 / Published: 24 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Geography and Sustainability Studies)

Abstract

This paper presents the results of a quantitative study in the Czech Republic to understand travellers’ attitudes towards and motivation to use different means of transport. Two Czech cities, Olomouc and Ostrava, are compared from the point of view of factors influencing spatial and temporal patterns and citizen’s selection of transport mode and transport behaviour (range and daily movements of the population, perception of the quality of public transport etc.). The data for the analysis were obtained from the survey with more than 500 respondents in each city. Spatial and temporal behaviour represented by the pattern of the movement in Olomouc and Ostrava city was identified by statistical and visual analytics methods. Based on a case study of two cities of a different size, we conclude that the size and shape of the city centre (spatial structure) influence not only the distances travelled but also the average speed of public transportation (slower for a smaller city). Distances and choice of transport mode also vary with the density of urban areas but can also be influenced by the spatial structure of the city. The walking distance to a public transport stop does not influence the most frequently used mode of transport. Temporal patterns in both cities are very similar and are not dependent on city size or city spatial structure. The spatial patterns of the car and public transport flows are similar in both cities. Different patterns can be observed for walking and shopping routes. View Full-Text
Keywords: transport attitudes; means of transport; daily movement; spatiotemporal patterns transport attitudes; means of transport; daily movement; spatiotemporal patterns
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Burian, J.; Zajíčková, L.; Ivan, I.; Macků, K. Attitudes and Motivation to Use Public or Individual Transport: A Case Study of Two Middle-Sized Cities. Soc. Sci. 2018, 7, 83.

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