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Arts 2017, 6(1), 1; doi:10.3390/arts6010001

Function and Form: Shifts in Modernist Architects’ Design Thinking

Department of Architecture, Chalmers University of Technology, Sven Hultins Gata 6, 41296 Gothenburg, Sweden
Academic Editor: Marco Sosa
Received: 22 August 2016 / Revised: 20 October 2016 / Accepted: 3 November 2016 / Published: 9 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Contemporary Architecture from the 20th Century to the Present)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [175 KB, uploaded 9 January 2017]

Abstract

Since the so-called “type-debate” at the 1914 Werkbund Exhibition in Cologne—on individual versus standardized types—the discussion about turning Function into Form has been an important topic in Architectural Theory. The aim of this article is to trace the historic shifts in the relationship between Function and Form: First, how Functional Thinking was turned into an Art Form; this orginates in the Werkbund concept of artistic refinement of industrial production. Second, how Functional Analysis was applied to design and production processes, focused on certain aspects, such as economic management or floor plan design. Third, how Architectural Function was used as a social or political argument; this is of particular interest during the interwar years. A comparison of theses different aspects of the relationship between Function and Form reveals that it has undergone fundamental shifts—from Art to Science and Politics—that are tied to historic developments. It is interesting to note that this happens in a short period of time in the first half of the 20th Century. Looking at these historic shifts not only sheds new light on the creative process in Modern Architecture, this may also serve as a stepstone towards a new rethinking of Function and Form. View Full-Text
Keywords: Modern Architecture; functionalism; form; art; science; politics Modern Architecture; functionalism; form; art; science; politics
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Seelow, A.M. Function and Form: Shifts in Modernist Architects’ Design Thinking. Arts 2017, 6, 1.

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