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Arts 2014, 3(2), 279-297; doi:10.3390/arts3020279

The Architecture of Metabolism. Inventing a Culture of Resilience

Meike Schalk, Assistant Professor, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, School of Architecture and the Built Environment, Östermalmsgatan 26, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
Received: 10 May 2014 / Revised: 6 June 2014 / Accepted: 10 June 2014 / Published: 13 June 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Architecture)
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The Metabolist movement, with its radical and visionary urban and architectural schemes, drew the attention of an international architecture community to Japan in the 1960s and 1970s. Seen from a contemporary perspective, the movement’s foremost concern was cultural resilience as a notion of national identity. Metabolism responded to the human and environmental catastrophe that followed the atomic bombing of Japan and vulnerability to natural disasters such as earthquakes, with architecture envisioning the complete transformation of Japan as a system of political, social, and physical structures into resilient spatial and organizational patterns adaptable to change. Projecting a utopia of resilience, Metabolism employed biological metaphors and recalled technoscientific images which, together with the vernacular, evoked the notion of a genetic architecture able to be recreated again and again. A specific concern was to mediate between an urbanism of large, technical and institutional infrastructures and the freedom of the individual. My aim is to critically examine the notion of sustainable architecture by rereading Metabolist theories and products, such as terms, models, projects, and buildings. For a better understanding of the present discourse, this text searches for a possible history of sustainable architecture, a subject mostly presented ahistorically. View Full-Text
Keywords: metabolism; cultural resilience; systemic change; genetic architecture, national identity metabolism; cultural resilience; systemic change; genetic architecture, national identity

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Schalk, M. The Architecture of Metabolism. Inventing a Culture of Resilience. Arts 2014, 3, 279-297.

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