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Metals 2017, 7(5), 162; doi:10.3390/met7050162

The Phase Composition and Microstructure of AlxCoCrFeNiTi Alloys for the Development of High-Entropy Alloy Systems

Materials and Surface Engineering Group, Institute of Materials Science and Engineering, Technische Universität Chemnitz, D-09125 Chemnitz, Germany
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Academic Editor: Michael C. Gao
Received: 3 April 2017 / Revised: 3 May 2017 / Accepted: 4 May 2017 / Published: 9 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue High-Entropy Alloys (HEAs))
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Abstract

Alloying aluminum offers the possibility of creating low-density high-entropy alloys (HEAs). Several studies that focus on the system AlCoCrFeNiTi differ in their phase determination. The effect of aluminum on the phase composition and microstructure of the compositionally complex alloy (CCA) system AlxCoCrFeNiTi was studied with variation in aluminum content (molar ratios x = 0.2, 0.8, and 1.5). The chemical composition and elemental segregation was measured for the different domains in the microstructure. The crystal structure was determined using X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. To identify the spatial distribution of the phases found with XRD, phase mapping with associated orientation distribution was performed using electron backscatter diffraction. This made it possible to correlate the chemical and structural conditions of the phases. The phase formation strongly depends on the aluminum content. Two different body-centered cubic (bcc) phases were found. Texture analysis proved the presence of a face-centered cubic (fcc) phase for all aluminum amounts. The hard η-(Ni, Co)3Ti phase in the x = 0.2 alloy was detected via metallographic investigation and confirmed via electron backscatter diffraction. Additionally, a centered cluster (cc) with the A12 structure type was detected in the x = 0.2 and 0.8 alloys. The correlation of structural and chemical properties as well as microstructure formation contribute to a better understanding of the alloying effects concerning the aluminum content in CCAs. Especially in the context of current developments in lightweight high-entropy alloys (HEAs), the presented results provide an approach to the development of new alloy systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: HEA; high-entropy alloy; CCA; compositionally complex alloy; phase composition; microstructure HEA; high-entropy alloy; CCA; compositionally complex alloy; phase composition; microstructure
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lindner, T.; Löbel, M.; Mehner, T.; Dietrich, D.; Lampke, T. The Phase Composition and Microstructure of AlxCoCrFeNiTi Alloys for the Development of High-Entropy Alloy Systems. Metals 2017, 7, 162.

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