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Metals 2017, 7(4), 138; doi:10.3390/met7040138

Characterization of the Microstructure, Mechanical Properties, and Corrosion Resistance of a Friction-Stir-Welded Joint of Hyper Duplex Stainless Steel

1
College of Materials Science and Engineering, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan 030024, China
2
Taiyuan Iron and Steel (Group) Company Ltd., Taiyuan 030003, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Robert Tuttle
Received: 10 January 2017 / Revised: 31 March 2017 / Accepted: 5 April 2017 / Published: 13 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alloy Steels)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [14749 KB, uploaded 13 April 2017]   |  

Abstract

This study investigates the microstructure, mechanical properties, and corrosion resistance of a friction-stir-welded joint of the hyper duplex stainless steel SAF2707. Friction stir welding (FSW) is performed at a tool rotation rate of 400 rpm and a welding speed of 100 mm/min. The microstructure of the joints is examined using scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. Tensile test and fractography are subsequently employed to evaluate the mechanical properties of the joints. Results show that the grain size of the stir zone (SZ) is smaller than that of the base metal (BM). Electron back-scattered diffraction analysis reveals that fine-equiaxed grains form in the SZ because of the dynamic recrystallization during the FSW. These grains become increasingly pronounced in the austenite phase. The tensile specimens consistently fail in the BM, implying that the welded joint is an overmatch to the BM. Moreover, the welded joints consist of finer grains and thus display higher tensile strength than their BMs. Potentiodynamic polarization curves and impedance spectroscopy both demonstrate that the corrosion resistance of the SZ is superior to that of the base material. View Full-Text
Keywords: friction stir weld; hyper duplex stainless steel; microstructure; mechanical properties; corrosion resistance friction stir weld; hyper duplex stainless steel; microstructure; mechanical properties; corrosion resistance
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Li, J.; Liu, X.; Li, G.; Han, P.; Liang, W. Characterization of the Microstructure, Mechanical Properties, and Corrosion Resistance of a Friction-Stir-Welded Joint of Hyper Duplex Stainless Steel. Metals 2017, 7, 138.

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