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Metals 2016, 6(7), 171; doi:10.3390/met6070171

Direct Metal Laser Sintering of Ti6Al4V for Biomedical Applications: Microstructure, Corrosion Properties, and Mechanical Treatment of Implants

1
Department of Mechanical Technology and Materials, Technical University of Košice, Mäsiarska 74, Košice 04001, Slovakia
2
Department of Biomedical Engineering and Measurement, Technical University of Košice, Letná 9, Košice 04001, Slovakia
3
Department of Applied Mathematics and Informatics, Technical University of Košice, Letná 9, Košice 04001, Slovakia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Hugo F. Lopez
Received: 30 May 2016 / Revised: 29 June 2016 / Accepted: 7 July 2016 / Published: 20 July 2016
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Abstract

Ti6Al4V samples have been prepared by Direct Metal Laser Sintering (DMLS) with varied laser power. Some of the samples were stress-relief annealed. The microstructure of materials was investigated using a light microscopy. Columnar grains of martensite dominate in as-made microstructure. Stress-relief annealing led to the white acicular phase growth in the structure with a fishbone arrangement on the boundary of some original martensitic needles. Mechanical properties of materials were characterized through hardness measurement in two directions relating to the sample building direction. It was found that the hardness of materials increased with a laser power and values varied from 370 to 415 HV 0.3/30. After stress-relief annealing, the structure of materials being homogenized, pattern spacing dissolved and the hardness in both directions became stabilized at values of 350–370 HV 0.3/30. The laser power affects the corrosion rate of the material. The lowest corrosion rate was recorded at the maximum laser power (190 W). Heat treatment does not affect the corrosion rate remarkably, however it leads to stabilization of corrosion potential of materials Ecorr. The surface of the samples was modified by an abrasive blasting using spherical (zirblast) and sharp-edged (white corundum) blasting abrasives and three levels of air pressure. The abrasive blasting of sintered materials led to a decrease of the surface roughness of materials with air pressure increasing. Blasting with zirblast led to a more significant decrease of roughness parameters compared with surfaces blasted with sharp-edged white aluminum. Different shapes of abrasives caused characteristic surface morphology. View Full-Text
Keywords: Ti6Al4V; DMLS (Direct Metal Laser Sintering); corrosion rate; microstructure; abrasive blasting Ti6Al4V; DMLS (Direct Metal Laser Sintering); corrosion rate; microstructure; abrasive blasting
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Brezinová, J.; Hudák, R.; Guzanová, A.; Draganovská, D.; Ižaríková, G.; Koncz, J. Direct Metal Laser Sintering of Ti6Al4V for Biomedical Applications: Microstructure, Corrosion Properties, and Mechanical Treatment of Implants. Metals 2016, 6, 171.

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