Metals 2012, 2(1), 10-21; doi:10.3390/met2010010

Metal Foaming Investigated by X-ray Radioscopy

1 Helmholtz-Centre Berlin for Materials and Energy, Hahn-Meitner-Platz 1, Berlin 14109, Germany 2 Technical University Berlin, Germany, Hardenbergstrasse 36, Berlin 10623, Germany 3 European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, BP 220, Grenoble 38043, France
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 October 2011; in revised form: 21 November 2011 / Accepted: 19 December 2011 / Published: 27 December 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Metal Foams)
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Abstract: The use of X-ray radioscopy for in-situ studies of metal foam formation and evolution is reviewed. Selected results demonstrate the power of X-ray radioscopy as diagnostic tool for metal foaming. Qualitative analyses of foam nucleation and evolution, drainage development, issues of thermal contact, mold filling, cell wall rupture and more are given. Additionally, quantitative analyses based on series of images of foam expansion yielding coalescence rates, density distributions, etc., are performed by dedicated software. These techniques help us to understand the foaming behavior of metals and to improve both foaming methods and foam quality.
Keywords: metal foam; X-ray; radioscopy; synchrotron radiation

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MDPI and ACS Style

Garcia-Moreno, F.; Mukherjee, M.; Jiménez, C.; Rack, A.; Banhart, J. Metal Foaming Investigated by X-ray Radioscopy. Metals 2012, 2, 10-21.

AMA Style

Garcia-Moreno F, Mukherjee M, Jiménez C, Rack A, Banhart J. Metal Foaming Investigated by X-ray Radioscopy. Metals. 2012; 2(1):10-21.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Garcia-Moreno, Francisco; Mukherjee, Manas; Jiménez, Catalina; Rack, Alexander; Banhart, John. 2012. "Metal Foaming Investigated by X-ray Radioscopy." Metals 2, no. 1: 10-21.

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