Next Article in Journal
Previous Article in Journal
Societies 2013, 3(1), 104-116; doi:10.3390/soc3010104
Article

Double Marginalized Livelihoods: Invisible Gender Inequality in Pastoral Societies

1,*  and 2
Received: 18 January 2013; in revised form: 1 February 2013 / Accepted: 4 February 2013 / Published: 6 February 2013
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [239 KB, updated 7 February 2013; original version uploaded 6 February 2013]   |   Browse Figures
Abstract: Achieving gender equality is the Third Millennium Development Goal, and the major challenge to poverty reduction is the inability of governments to address this at grass root levels. This study is therefore aimed at assessing gender inequality as it pertains to socio-economic factors in (agro-) pastoral societies. It tries to explain how “invisible” forces perpetuate gender inequality, based on data collected from male and female household heads and community representatives. The findings indicate that in comparison with men, women lack access to control rights over livestock, land, and income, which are critical to securing a sustainable livelihood. However, this inequality remains invisible to women who appear to readily submit to local customs, and to the community at large due to a lack of public awareness and gender based interventions. In addition, violence against women is perpetuated through traditional beliefs and sustained by tourists to the area. As a result, (agro-) pastoral woman face double marginalization, for being pastoralist, and for being a woman.
Keywords: (agro-) pastoral women; gender inequality; double marginalization; well-being; quantitative research; Ethiopia (agro-) pastoral women; gender inequality; double marginalization; well-being; quantitative research; Ethiopia
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Eneyew, A.; Mengistu, S. Double Marginalized Livelihoods: Invisible Gender Inequality in Pastoral Societies. Societies 2013, 3, 104-116.

AMA Style

Eneyew A, Mengistu S. Double Marginalized Livelihoods: Invisible Gender Inequality in Pastoral Societies. Societies. 2013; 3(1):104-116.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Eneyew, Adugna; Mengistu, Sileshi. 2013. "Double Marginalized Livelihoods: Invisible Gender Inequality in Pastoral Societies." Societies 3, no. 1: 104-116.

Societies EISSN 2075-4698 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert