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Diagnostics 2013, 3(4), 356-371; doi:10.3390/diagnostics3040356
Review

Functional Imaging in Diagnostic of Orthopedic Implant-Associated Infections

AO Foundation, Clavadelerstrasse 8, 7270 Davos, Switzerland
Received: 30 July 2013 / Revised: 10 September 2013 / Accepted: 22 September 2013 / Published: 21 October 2013
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Abstract

Surgeries’ sterile conditions and perioperative antibiotic therapies decrease implant associated infections rates significantly. However, up to 10% of orthopedic devices still fail due to infections. An implant infection generates a high socio-economic burden. An early diagnosis of an infection would significantly improve patients’ outcomes. There are numerous clinical tests to diagnose infections. The “Gold Standard” is a microbiological culture, which requires an invasive sampling and lasts up to several weeks. None of the existing tests in clinics alone is sufficient for a conclusive diagnosis of an infection. Meanwhile, there are functional imaging modalities, which hold the promise of a non-invasive, quick, and specific infection diagnostic. This review focuses on orthopedic implant-associated infections, their pathogenicity, diagnosis and functional imaging.
Keywords: orthopedic implant associated infections; diagnostic imaging orthopedic implant associated infections; diagnostic imaging
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Potapova, I. Functional Imaging in Diagnostic of Orthopedic Implant-Associated Infections. Diagnostics 2013, 3, 356-371.

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