Life 2012, 2(4), 274-285; doi:10.3390/life2040274

Bioavailability of Metal Ions and Evolutionary Adaptation

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Received: 1 October 2012; in revised form: 11 October 2012 / Accepted: 19 October 2012 / Published: 29 October 2012
(This article belongs to the Section Chemistry)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The evolution of life on earth has been a long process that began nearly 3,5 x 109 years ago. In their initial moments, evolution was mainly influenced by anaerobic environments; with the rise of O2 and the corresponding change in bioavailability of metal ions, new mechanisms of survival were created. Here we review the relationships between ancient atmospheric conditions, metal ion bioavailability and adaptation of metals homeostasis during early evolution. A general picture linking geochemistry, biochemistry and homeostasis is supported by the reviewed literature and is further illustrated in this report using simple database searches.
Keywords: metalloproteins; Fenton reaction; bioavailability; aerobic respiration; photosynthesis; organelle
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hong Enriquez, R.P.; Do, T.N. Bioavailability of Metal Ions and Evolutionary Adaptation. Life 2012, 2, 274-285.

AMA Style

Hong Enriquez RP, Do TN. Bioavailability of Metal Ions and Evolutionary Adaptation. Life. 2012; 2(4):274-285.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hong Enriquez, Rolando P.; Do, Trang N. 2012. "Bioavailability of Metal Ions and Evolutionary Adaptation." Life 2, no. 4: 274-285.

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