Next Article in Journal
Z-Damper: A New Paradigm for Attenuation of Vibrations
Previous Article in Journal
A Novel Modelling Approach for Condensing Boilers Based on Hybrid Dynamical Systems
Previous Article in Special Issue
Trends and Potential of the Market for Combine Harvesters in Germany
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Machines 2016, 4(2), 11; doi:10.3390/machines4020011

Performance Evaluation of a Prototyped Breadfruit Seed Dehulling Machine

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, P.M.B. 5025, Akwa, 420211, Anambra State, Nigeria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ganesh Bora
Received: 30 December 2015 / Revised: 25 April 2016 / Accepted: 3 May 2016 / Published: 6 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Agricultural Machinery)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1314 KB, uploaded 10 May 2016]   |  

Abstract

The drudgery involved in dehulling breadfruit seed by traditional methods has been highlighted as one of the major problems hindering the realization of the full potential of breadfruit as a field to food material. This paper describes a development in an African breadfruit seed dehulling machine with increased throughput of about 70% above reported machines. The machine consists of a 20 mm diameter shaft, carrying a spiral wound around its circumference (feeder). The feeder provides the required rotational motion and turns a circular disk that rotates against a fixed disk. The two disks can be adjusted to maintain a pre-determined gap for dehulling. An inbuilt drying unit reduces the moisture content of the breadfruit for easy separation of the cotyledon from the endosperm immediately after the dehulling process. The sifting unit that separates the shell from the seed is achieved in this design with an electric fan. The machine is design to run at a speed of 250 rpm with an electric motor as the prime mover. The dehulling efficiency up to 86% and breakage of less than 1.3% was obtained at a clearance setting of 12.4 mm between disks. A sifting efficiency of 100% was achieved. Based on the design diameter and clearance between the dehulling disks, the machine throughput was 216 kg/h with an electric power requirement of 1.207 kW. View Full-Text
Keywords: African breadfruit seeds processing; modular design; increased machine throughput; heating element enabled separation unit African breadfruit seeds processing; modular design; increased machine throughput; heating element enabled separation unit
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Anosike, N.; Brown, E.; Maduka, C. Performance Evaluation of a Prototyped Breadfruit Seed Dehulling Machine. Machines 2016, 4, 11.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Machines EISSN 2075-1702 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top