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Minerals 2018, 8(8), 357; https://doi.org/10.3390/min8080357

Aqueous Fe(II)-Induced Phase Transformation of Ferrihydrite Coupled Adsorption/Immobilization of Rare Earth Elements

1
Guangdong Key Laboratory of Integrated Agro-environmental Pollution Control and Management, Guangdong Institute of Eco-Environmental Sciences & Technology, Guangzhou 510650, China
2
Key Laboratory for Water Quality and Conservation of the Pearl River Delta, Ministry of Education, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China
3
State Key Laboratory of Environmental Geochemistry, Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guiyang 550081, China
4
Key Laboratory of Agro-Ecological Processes in Subtropical Region, Institute of Subtropical Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changsha 410125, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 June 2018 / Revised: 7 August 2018 / Accepted: 15 August 2018 / Published: 18 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mineral Surface Reactions at the Nanoscale)
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Abstract

The phase transformation of iron minerals induced by aqueous Fe(II) (Fe(II)aq) is a critical geochemical reaction which greatly affects the geochemical behavior of soil elements. How the geochemical behavior of rare earth elements (REEs) is affected by the Fe(II)aq-induced phase transformation of iron minerals, however, is still unknown. The present study investigated the adsorption and immobilization of REEs during the Fe(II)aq-induced phase transformation of ferrihydrite. The results show that the heavy REEs of Ho(III) were more efficiently adsorbed and stabilized compared with the light REEs of La(III) by ferrihydrite and its transformation products, which was due to the higher adsorptive affinity and smaller atomic radius of Ho(III). Both La(III) and Ho(III) inhibited the Fe atom exchange between Fe(II)aq and ferrihydrite, and sequentially, the Fe(II)aq-induced phase transformation rates of ferrihydrite, because of the competitive adsorption with Fe(II)aq on the surface of iron (hydr)oxides. Owing to the larger amounts of adsorbed and stabilized Ho(III), the inhibition of the Fe(II)aq-induced phase transformation of ferrihydrite affected by Ho(III) was higher than that by La(III). Our findings suggest an important role for the Fe(II)aq-induced phase transformation of iron (hydr)oxides in assessing the mobility and transfer behavior of REEs, as well as for their occurrence in earth surface environments. View Full-Text
Keywords: ferrihydrite; recrystallization; REEs; stabilization; Fe atom exchange ferrihydrite; recrystallization; REEs; stabilization; Fe atom exchange
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Fei, Y.; Hua, J.; Liu, C.; Li, F.; Zhu, Z.; Xiao, T.; Chen, M.; Gao, T.; Wei, Z.; Hao, L. Aqueous Fe(II)-Induced Phase Transformation of Ferrihydrite Coupled Adsorption/Immobilization of Rare Earth Elements. Minerals 2018, 8, 357.

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