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Minerals 2018, 8(6), 230; https://doi.org/10.3390/min8060230

Timing of Secondary Hydrothermal Alteration of the Luobusa Chromitites Constrained by Ar/Ar Dating of Chrome Chlorites

1,2,3
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1,2,3,* , 4
,
5
,
1,2
,
6
and
1,2
1
State Key Laboratory of Lithospheric Evolution, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China
2
Institutes of Earth Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China
3
College of Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
4
State Key Laboratory of Earthquake Dynamics, Institute of Geology, China Earthquake Administration, Beijing 100029, China
5
MOE Key Laboratory of Tectonics and Petroleum Resources, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China
6
State Key Laboratory of Continental Tectonic and Dynamics, Institute of Geology, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100037, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 May 2018 / Revised: 22 May 2018 / Accepted: 23 May 2018 / Published: 29 May 2018
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Abstract

Chrome chlorites are usually found as secondary phases formed by hydrothermal alteration of chromite deposits and associated mafic/ultramafic rocks. Here, we report the 40Ar/39Ar age of chrome chlorites separated from the Luobusa massive chromitites which have undergone secondary alteration by CO2-rich hydrothermal fluids. The dating results reveal that the intermediate heating steps (from 4 to 10) of sample L7 generate an age plateau of 29.88 ± 0.42 Ma (MSWD = 0.12, plateau 39Ar = 74.6%), and the plateau data points define a concordant inverse isochron age of 30.15 ± 1.05 Ma (MSWD = 0.08, initial 40Ar/36Ar = 295.8 ± 9.7). The Ar release pattern shows no evidence of later degassing or inherited radiogenic component indicated by an atmospheric intercept, thus representing the age of the hydrothermal activity. Based on the agreement of this hydrothermal age with the ~30 Ma adakitic plutons exposed in nearby regions (the Zedong area, tens of kilometers west Luobusa) and the extensive late Oligocene plutonism distributed along the southeastern Gangdese magmatic belt, it is suggested that the hydrothermal fluids are likely related to the ~30 Ma magmatism. The hydrothermal fluid circulation could be launched either by remote plutons (such as the Sangri granodiorite, the nearest ~30 Ma pluton west Luobusa) or by a similar coeval pluton in the local Luobusa area (inferred, not found or reported so far). Our results provide important clues for when the listwanites in Luobusa were formed. View Full-Text
Keywords: Ar/Ar dating; chrome chlorite; Luobusa chromitites; hydrothermal alteration Ar/Ar dating; chrome chlorite; Luobusa chromitites; hydrothermal alteration
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Guo, W.; He, H.; Li, Y.; Bai, X.; Su, F.; Liu, Y.; Zhu, R. Timing of Secondary Hydrothermal Alteration of the Luobusa Chromitites Constrained by Ar/Ar Dating of Chrome Chlorites. Minerals 2018, 8, 230.

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