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Minerals 2017, 7(6), 98; doi:10.3390/min7060098

Mineralogical Characteristics and Preliminary Beneficiation of Nickel Slag from Reduction Roasting-Ammonia Leaching

Peace Buliding, Main Campus of Central South University, Changsha 410083, China
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Academic Editor: Saeed Chehreh Chelgani
Received: 13 May 2017 / Revised: 3 June 2017 / Accepted: 6 June 2017 / Published: 9 June 2017
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Abstract

The reduction roasting ammonia leaching process (RRAL) originally defined by Caron (1950) has been extensively applied to treat low grade nickel laterite and a large amount of slag-containing some valuable metals, has been generated and accumulated over the years since then. However, there are no reports on how to utilize it based on its essential properties. In this investigation, the textural and mineralogical characterization of the typical nickel slag from RRAL in Western Australia was performed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), and scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive spectroscopy (SEM-EDS). The results show that the nickel slag is dominated by magnetite, maghemite, gangue minerals and minor Cr-spinel. The magnetite and maghemite possess simple distribution relationship with other minerals and their particles are highly variable with most over 50 μm, which are easily able to be recovered. In term of the complex association and distribution feature of chromium and nickel minerals, it is very difficult to recovery them. Meanwhile, an economically viable extraction process was proposed to preliminarily utilize the nickel slag based on textural and mineralogical characteristics of the slag, and the magnetic concentrate, assaying about 62% iron grade at over 75% recovery rate, was obtained through the recommended method. View Full-Text
Keywords: nickel slag; reduction roasting-ammonia leaching; textural and mineralogical characteristics; distribution; magnetic separation nickel slag; reduction roasting-ammonia leaching; textural and mineralogical characteristics; distribution; magnetic separation
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Guo, Z.; Zhu, D.; Pan, J.; Zhang, F. Mineralogical Characteristics and Preliminary Beneficiation of Nickel Slag from Reduction Roasting-Ammonia Leaching. Minerals 2017, 7, 98.

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